terça-feira, 31 de janeiro de 2012

"Ernest: Must we go, then, to Art for everything?
Gilbert: For everything. Because Art does not hurt us. The tears that we shed at a play are a type of the exquisite sterile emotions that it is the function of Art to awaken. We weep, but we are not wounded. We grieve, but our grief is not bitter. In the actual life of man, sorrow, as Spinoza says somewhere, is a passage to a lesser perfection. But the sorrow with which Art fills us both purifies and initiates, if I may quote once more from the great art-critic of the Greeks. It is through Art, and through Art only, that we can realise our perfection; through Art, and through Art only, that we can shield ourselves from the sordid perils of actual existence. This results not merely from the fact that nothing that one can imagine is worth doing, and that one can imagine everything, but from the subtle law that emotional forces, like the forces of the physical sphere, are limited in extent and energy. One can feel so much, and no more. And how can it matter with what pleasure life tries to tempt one, or with what pain it seeks to maim and mar one’s soul, if in the spectacle of the lives of those who have never existed one has found the true secret of joy, and wept away one’s tears over their deaths who, like Cordelia and the daughter of Brabantio, can never die?
Ernest: Stop a moment. It seems to me that in everything that you have said there is something radically immoral.
Gilbert: All art is immoral.

Ernest: All art?
Gilbert: Yes. For emotion for the sake of emotion is the aim of art, and emotion for the sake of action is the aim of life, and of that practical organisation of life that we call society. Society, which is the beginning and basis of morals, exists simply for the concentration of human energy, and in order to ensure its own continuance and healthy stability it demands, and no doubt rightly demands, of each of its citizens that he should contribute some form of productive labour to the common weal, and toil and travail that the day’s work may be done. Society often forgives the criminal; it never forgives the dreamer. The beautiful sterile emotions that art excites in us are hateful in its eyes, and so completely are people dominated by the tyranny of this dreadful social ideal that they are always coming shamelessly up to one at Private Views and other places that are open to the general public, and saying in a loud stentorian voice, ‘What are you doing?’ whereas ‘What are you thinking?’ is the only question that any single civilised being should ever be allowed to whisper to another. They mean well, no doubt, these honest beaming folk. Perhaps that is the reason why they are so excessively tedious. But some one should teach them that while, in the opinion of society, Contemplation is the gravest sin of which any citizen can be guilty, in the opinion of the highest culture it is the proper occupation of man."
The Critic as Artist, Oscar Wilde

Os 100 Filmes Favoritos de Akira Kurosawa

Akira Kurosawa em conversa com a sua filha, Kazuo, elegendo um filme por diretor.

1. Broken Blossoms or The Yellow Man and the Girl, (D. W. Griffith, 1919)

"Lilian Gish. She's very neat and has very good manners, doesn't she? Dorothy Gish is her sister, but she is, eh, a little sexier. Lilian is a cute, innocent girl. It was therefore really painful for me to see her in the movie and I really hated him! In The Whales of August I saw her again and, I clearly saw that she had not changed at all. I mean: yes, she has become a grandma, but I was pretty surprised how cutely she has got old!"

2. Das Kabinett des Doktor Caligari (Robert Wiene, 1919)

"It's representative of German Expressionism. But one can enjoy it still nowadays. The scenery constructions are all built in Futuristic style, in a style of art. You know, one still can learn many, many things from such a work of these old times."

3. Dr. Mabuse, der Spieler (Fritz Lang, 1922)

"I saw it when I was a child, when Mr. Musei Tokugawa was working as a narrator. As you know, my brother was also a narrator of silent movies, and he brought me with him. It was a very interesting movie. The mysterious Dr. Mabuse, the master of disguise! By the way, it was at that time when I saw La Roue by Abel Gance. I still remember very vividly how a train running crazily was portrayed in a flashback. It was a great scene."

4. The Gold Rush (Charlie Chaplin, 1925)

"Chaplin was very talented as an actor as well. Do you know, comedies are most difficult to make. It's much easier to jerk tears from the audience. He, of course, was gifted as a director as well, well-versed in music. I think he was so gifted that he himself didn't know what he should do with his own talents. Well, Beat Takeshi reminds me a little of him."

5. La Chute de la Maison Usher (Jean Epstein, 1928)

"As you know, it's a silent movie, i.e. it consists of pictures alone. But seeing it I felt as if I really heard something. That power of expression. Simply wonderful. And before I start to make a movie, every time I try to imagine how I would have made this picture if it was a silent movie."

6. Un Chien Andalou (Luis Buñuel, 1928)

"The movie starts suddenly with a scene that portrayed how an eyeball was slashed with a razor! An impacting, intense scene. And the light of a lighthouse was glaring and dazzling... In this way they were vividly symbolizing the mental condition when one was diseased with rabies. From such Surrealistic techniques I learned many things when I was making Rashomon."

7. Morocco (Josef von Sternberg, 1930)

"This picture is just 'a movie': it has been produced on a very low budget, but they have shot, for example, the scene where the shadow was flickering very cleverly, changing the camera's position constantly, moving about. Very cleverly shot. I was really impressed."

8. Der Kongress Tanzt (Erik Charell, 1931)

"It's the first movie in that the technique of playback was used. Conversations go, interesingly, in the form of operetta and scenes flow very skilfully. A masterpiece. The movie again and again makes me realize that old movies still offer us many, many things to learn."

9. Die Dreigroschenoper (G. W. Pabst, 1931)

"Die Dreigroschenoper I would have loved to make! Indeed, many people have made Die Dreigroschenoper, haven't they? But Pabst's is definitely the best, I think. A great movie."

10. Leise Fliehen Meine Lieder (Willi Forst, 1933)

"A very sweet movie. I love it! They used Schubert's music very adroitly, and skilfully portrayed in the story why he could not compose from the third movement up. A very good movie."

11. The Thin Man (W. S. van Dyke, 1934)

"He's a master of action movies. No wonder that this movie runs with that good tempo. The original is Hammett's novel, you know? The pair and the dog were so popular that a series of sequels to it was made. But this first one is the most interesting."

12. Tonari no Yae-chan (Yasujiro Shimazu, 1934)

"Mr. Shimazu was called "Daddy Shimazu (Shimazu-oyaji)". He has worked his way up from 'practice' in the true sense, he had experiences as an assistant, was very solidly skilled. John Ford and/or Wyler, too, were such directors. Their movies were clearly different - how I should say..., eh..., in them I can 'smell' motion-picture-makers of old times, of good old times when movies were tasty."

13. Tange Sazen yowa: Hyakumanryo no tsubo (Sadao Yamanaka, 1935)

"Mr. Yamanaka has been, when he has been working as an assistant, very quiet, he has been always somehow in a reverie, mumbling something to himself... But when he once became a director, he suddenly got eloquent, proved himself to be amazingly talented. It's indeed a great loss for the Japanese movie industry that he died so young! Moreover, he didn't save his films rightly. I am so sorry for it that I feel angry! What the hell did he think?!"

14. Akanishi Kakita (Mansaku Iami, 1936)

"This movie of Mr. Itami is very innovative, he did, for example, make various experiments in it. A very, very interesting movie. It was very kind of him that he often approved my movies and/or gave pieces of advice to me. I was very, very glad."

15. La Grande Illusion (Jean Renoir, 1937)

"In this movie Stroheim, who has directed "Foolish wives", played a role. Of course the movie is great, but, above all, his presense as an actor was impactful in itself. Mr. Renoir, you know, came specially to see me when I have been in Paris, and he, although HE was a master and elder than I, said to me "I am glad to see you"! I was really abashed! Moreover, when I was going to go back home, he stood and followed me all the time till my car turned the corner. I was very very touched."

16. Stella Dallas (King Vidor, 1937)

""Women are strong. A mother does do everything for children's sake" - Barbara Stanwyck wonderfully portrayed it in this movie. The last scene almost brought me to tears. Years later I saw a singer named Bette Midler playing such a role. It was also pretty good. Well played!"

17. Tsuzurikata kyoushitsu (Kajiro Yamamoto, 1938)

"Mr. Yamakaji (Mr. Kajiro Yamamoto) was a really good teacher. At that time, when we all were terribly busy, Yama-san (Mr. Yamamoto) made me do everything for him. To be honest, I was not very pleased by it. But his wife once said me; Do you know? My husband was very delighted. He said, "Mr. Kurosawa is now competent to do really everything!" Only then I realised that Mr. Yamamoto has been teaching me all things one by one, by making me do everything - to edit, write, costume and make props. THAT MADE ME WHO I AM NOW. I am truly grateful"

18. Tsuchi (Tomu Uchida, 1938)

"This director had a very interesting career - I've heard that he had been once a bum! An actor he had been as well. An eccentric. Oh, yes, he had been, if I remember rightly, once also an assistant of a director who had been in Hollywood. Of course his 'big' movies are not bad, but I personally like his earlier works more, for example Kagiri naki zenshin. But, very unfortunately, almost none of his films are in existence anymore. I wish that they thought more seriously in Japan how to save films properly."

19. Ninotchka (Ernst Lubtisch, 1939)

"A very sophisticated movie. Garbo appeared in it, but she, here, unlike her former movies indeed, played comedy very well. I was surprised. Wilder wrote the screenplay, I remember. No wonder the dialogues are so good. Lubitsch has been working since the times of silent movies; he had made movies called 'cinema operettas'. Did you know? He was a very talented man."

20. Ivan Groznyy I (Sergei M. Eisenstein, 1944), Ivan Groznyy Part II: Boyarsky zagovor (Sergei M. Eisenstein, 1946)

"An acquaintance* of mine, who sent Rashomon to the Grand Prix in Venice and to whom I feel very obliged, recommended me once to see the celebration’s scene in Ivan Grozny in colour. He said to me then that I also should make movies in colour. So, I saw it, and, indeed, I was amazed. Well, then, I used colours in Do desu ka den for the first time, and in Kagemusha I treated colours rightly. I wished that the acqaintance*, who already had died then, could have seen it. Then Mrs. William Wyler said: *He'll come (from heaven) to Cannes, Mr. Kurosawa. He'll come to see your movie!" Till then I usually avoided 'movie festivals’, but since then I attend at least Cannes film Festival."

(Note: In the Japanese text the acquaintance's name is given. Unfortunately the English equivalent could not be found at the time of the translation)

21. My Darling Clementine (John Ford, 1946)

"Everyone associates the name of John Ford with westerns, don't they? My darling Clementine is, say, a paragon of movie: A man, for example, who's riding on horseback and whose looks in itself is a poem, emerges at the just right moment in the movie. Wonderful."

22. It's a Wonderful Life (Frank Capra, 1946)

"A movie should, I'm convinced, make the audience be happy, feel well. This movie is just such one: it's full of good will, makes us feel warm and think that it's a wonderful thing to live. Typical of Capra."

23. The Big Sleep (Howard Hawks, 1946)

"In my opinion it's the most interesting one among Chandler's. It's difficult to make 'hard-boiled' movies, usually, but he has skilfully done it. No wonder, for he was a true movie-maker who had begun his career as a popman and worked his way up from there."

24. Ladri di biciclette (Vittorio de Sica, 1948)

"A pitiful story, isn't it? Everything in this movie, its 'colours' as well, again and again makes me feel tormented. This is a true representative of Neo-Realism. A wonderful movie, which established a certain cinematic style."

25. Aoi sanmyaku (Tadashi Imai, 1949)

"One's first movie is often his or her best. So they say that Aoi sanmyaku or Izu no odoriko is Mr. Imai's best, don't they?! Indeed, this movie of him is very fresh and lively, the scene in that Kama-san (Mr. Kamatari Fujiwara) appears is also pretty good. But his Nigorie is also wonderful, I think."

26. The Third Man (Carol Reed, 1949)

"He respectably well filmed a such complicated story. Its camera works are wonderful - I've learned much about camera works from this movie. A first-class movie which one can enjoy still nowadays. His "Odd man out" is also brilliant. This director is a very skillful movie maker with a documentary style."

27. Banshun (Yasujiro Ozu, 1949)

"His characteristic camera work was imitated by many dirctors abroads as well, i.e., many people saw and see Mr. Ozu's movies, right? That's good. Indeed, one can learn pretty much from his movies. Young prospective movie makers in Japan should, I hope, see more of Ozu's work. Ah, it was really good times when Mr. Ozu, Mr. Naruse and/or Mr. Mizoguchi were all making movies!"

28. Orphee (Jean Cocteau, 1949)

"Originally Jean Cocteau was a poet, wasn't he? His movie therefore is like a poem. The Grim Reaper, e.g., apears riding on a motorcycle! A very fantastical touch. His peculiar aestics is very interesting."

29. Karumen kokyou ni kaeru (Keisuke Kinoshita, 1951)

"It's one of the first coloured movies in Japan. A very interesting movie. Karumen [Carmen] and her companions all return home, making people fuss over them. The fuss was very well portrayed. I love this movie."

30. A Streetcar Named Desire (Elia Kazan, 1951)

"I met this director in Tokyo International Film Festival and thought very frank of him. His immediate coleagues, however, said that he was rather a difficult person. But as soon as I've found both of us hated to put on a tuxedo, it was clear that we were like-minded. We really enjoyed to talk with each other. His movies are called 'social' or 'sociological', aren't they? Well, this movie is a good work that has,say, a solid core."

31. Therese Raquin (Marcel Carne, 1952)

"Carne is famous, above all, for "Les enfants du paradis", isn't he? This movie is a smaller piece, but I love it - it was shot in very cool eyes, and shows how important a solid screenplay for a movie is."

32. Saikaku ichidai onna (Kenji Mizoguchi, 1952)

"We often said in joke "Mr. Mizoguchi must have undergone terribly bitter experiences with women!". I could never portray women in THAT way! Indeed, a cold shiver ran up my spine! The movie is incredible, its art as well, and its long shots as well. From Mizo-san (= Mr. Mizoguchi) I've learned pretty much."

33. Viaggio in Italia (Roberto Rossellini, 1953)

"He's one of the most important representatives of Italian Realism. But also representatives of Nouvelle Vague, Godard and/or Truffaut, e.g., made a model of him. Did you know it? His way of pursuing bare truth was really fresh. I also was very benefited by his work."

34. Gojira (Ishiro Honda, 1954)

"Mr. Honda is really an ernest, nice fellow. Imagine, e.g., what you would do if a monster like Godzilla emerges! Normally one would forget and abandon his duty and simply flee! You won't? But the personell in this movie properly and sincerely lead people, don't they? That is typical of Mr. Honda. I love it. Well, he was my best friend. As you know, I am a pretty obstinate and demanding person. Thus, that I had never problems with him was due to HIS good personality."

35. La Strada (Federico Fellini, 1954)

"Fellini's cinematgraphic art is excellent. It's in itself 'fine art'. Nowadays no one has such a peculiar talent more... One feels in his movies, say, an existential power, which has a strong impact. Well, I met him several times, but he was so shy that he didn't talk about his movies to me."

36. Ukigumo (Mikio Naruse, 1955)

"He was a truly severe person. When he, e.g., didn't like an actor's performance, he said simply "No" and nothing more, sat silent. It was hard for the actor, of course, because he or she must think all by him-/herself and try various performances by himself. I, compared with him, am not earnest enuogh - I cannot help giving instructions to actors and cann't let them think by themselves... Thus, actors disciplined by Mr. Ozu, Mr. Naruse and/or Mr. Mizoguchi were all really competent and could by themselves play rightly even if I said nothing."

37. Pather Panchali (Satyajit Ray, 1955)

"I feld I rightly understood his work, when I saw Satyajit Ray: His eyes were like lynx's, ah, he was a majestic gentleman! In Venice Film Festival my "Kumonosu-jo" has lost to his "Pather Pancheli", hasn't it? But, I guarantee you, that was ABSOLUTELY right!."

38. Daddy Long Legs (Jean Negulesco, 1955)

"It has missed an Oscar, but I like this movie. Some people may be surprised that I like this picture, but, indeed, it was pretty well shot. I like it, maybe, also because I admire people like Fred Astaire, for I am so clumsy. But, well, to be honest, it's because, above all, I like the actress Leslie Caron."

39. The Proud Ones (Robert D. Webb, 1956)

"The theme song sung by Lionel Newman was a hit at that time. It's brilliant. Robert Ryan has a just fitting role, the camera works are wonderful as well - Lucian Ballard is trully a model camera man, I think."

40. Bakumatsu taiyo den (Yuzo Kawashima, 1958)

"This is an interesting, really enjoyable movie with a very good tempo. A rakugo* piece "Inokori Saheiji (= Saheiji, who reminded)" and another piece were arranged for this movie. Really well done. This director was very good at making commedies. It means his skill stands out from others'."
(Note: rakugo* is one of Japanese tradiotional stage arts, 'art of talk'. It is, besides No-theatre and Kabuki, one of the most important theatre arts in Japan, performed by one rakugo-talker on the stage.)

41. The Young Lions (Edward Dmytryk, 1957)

"It's a Cinema Scope. They shot dramatical battle scenes in a sharp, black-white contrast. Beautiful. This director is, I see, a hard proffesionalist, who has resolutely worked his way up."

42. Le Cousins (Claude Chabrol, 1959)

"It's a little strange picture shot from a pessimistic view. He's a pretty skilful director - his "Les liens de sang", e.g., is one of the best pictures filmized Ed McBain's novels."

43. Les Quatre Cents Coups (Francois Truffaut, 1959)

"This Truffault's movie is brilliant, don't you think so? He let children very convincingly play. I openly praised it at that time, but it was hardly premiered, before it was withdrawed. I suspect that it was due to its that inept Japanese title "Otona wa wakatte kurenai (= The adults don't understand us children)"."

44. A bout de souffle (Jean-Luc Godard, 1959)

"He's a very productive movie maker. But he shows his talent in the fact that all of his movies keep a steady, high quality. When I saw "A bout de souffle", it looked really fresh - nowadays it may look not so fresh more - for many people meanwhile have imitated its style, e.g., in American New Cinemas. But, I want to emphasize, they should do their own new experiments as well, or the cinema will not develop further more."

45. Ben-Hur (William Wyler, 1959)

""Ben-Hur"'s climax scene, it MUST be shot in a 70mm, or it would never have been that exciting. 6 sound sources recorded with 6 recorders were reproduced in it, and one feel as if one really was involved there in the movie! Brilliantly shot."

46. Ototo (Kon Ichikawa, 1960)

"Its camera work is superb. I remember, it won a prize for picture in Cannes, right? Pretty many takes were shot. Mrs. Natto (The screen play writer Natto Wada, Kon Ichikawa's wife) must have strongly supported him. His "Tokyo Orinpikku [Olynpic Games in Totkyo]" was harshly criticized by some people, but I thought it was a good picture, a typical picture of Kon-chan [Mr. Kon]."

47. Une aussi longue absense (Henri Colpi, 1960)

"He's an authority on edit. It is his first movie, I think. A crazy story - a man, who has passed in front of a café, was like the heroine's husband as two eggs. That scene was really impressive. Well, movie editors very well know that a movie exists BETWEEN the sequences. He also does."

48. Le voyage en ballon (albert Lamorisse, 1960)

"Such a picture, a specialist alone could shoot it. The last scene is especially good; the scene in that the child was following it further and further. The director put his own child to be the lead actor and let him do pretty dangerous things... "I only later realized it and thought, "Oh my God, what I have done!"", he himself said once."

49. Plein soleil (Rene Clement, 1960)

"This picture is very easy to approach, it's a typical 'movie'. One could very well begin watching movies with this one, right? One can very well see what the hero feels, can't one? Its last, which goes on with a pretty clever tempo, is brilliant as well."

50. Zazie dans le métro (Louis Malle, 1960)

"I thought it was a very sophisticated picture. Accompanied with a whistled melody, the story is portrayed in the eyes of the heroine's child - this director, indeed, uses children very adroitly, in "Au revoir, les enfants", too. His "Milou en mai" is also characteristic of him and interesting."

51. L'année derniere á Marienbad (Alain Resnais, 1960)

"He's a pioneer of Nouvelle Vague. This picture filmized a novel written by an author, eh, in my memory, named Robbe-Grillet. It caused hot discussions on itself. This movie is not very easy to approach - various oppositional notions, e.g., 'now vs. past' and/or 'reality vs. unreality', are presented in it. But its expressional methods very much stimulated my interest."

52. What Ever Happened to Baby Jane? (Robert Aldrich, 1962)

"Even when she was young, Bette Davis had a funny face. A very attractive. She was also beautiful in "Jezebel" (1938), and excellent in "All about Eve" as well. I liked them. In this movie, too, she is fantastic, isn't she? She was not really that old at all, but her performance was terrifically convincing. In "The whales of August" she was really a grandma, but she, of course, was still brilliant, wasn't she?"

53. Lawrence of Arabia (David Lean, 1962)

"It's a masterpiece of 70 mms, I think. When the camels suddanly went wild and O'Toole was injured, Lean, I've heard, wanted FIRST to know if he could still play! "How merciless!", O'Tool moaned. But, eh, I can very well see what a director feels and thinks, when he is working in full swing. But wait! Me, I am more tender."

54. Mélodie en sous-sol (Henri Verneuil, 1963)

"This director is a first-class suspense maker. It's thrilling! The use of the music is also nice, modern. And he used Delon and Gabin very cleverly - they well and clearly portrayed their characters. Its monochromic pictures were also very sharply shot. Excellent."

55. The Birds (Alfred Hitchcock, 1963)

"In Hitchcock's movies, mysteries, one sometimes finds slight inconsequences in the story. But, I think, it would be also a right opinion that movies should only be enjoyable. Well, I, I dread that many birds! Indeed, how did they shoot those scenes?!"

56. Il deserto rosso (Michelangelo Antonioni, 1964)

"Once I've ridden on an elephant with him at an Indian film festival. Journalist fussed over that 'two severe directors were together riding on an elephant', but we are NOT severe at all. Journalists watch us only when we are angry and they amuse themselves with it. "It's unfair", we talked each other. Indeed, how can one ALWAYS be angry, eh!? And now, in this movie, e.g., a scarlet room was very impressively used, and one can see clearly his talent in it."

57. Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (Mike Nichols, 1966)

"Elizabeth Taylor is terrific, isn't she? This true beauty plays that hideous woman, without regard to her looks, doesn't she? To Japanese actresses, too, it may not be the most important matter that their appearance is simply beautiful. They, even big stars as well, should follow her professionalism, I hope."

58. Bonnie and Clyde (Arthur Penn, 1967)

"When I've once visited USA, he welcomed me very kindly. When he was going to make "Two on a seesaw", he asked me if I could recommend anyone, and I recommended Kamatari Fujiwara. Unfortunately, this movie was not presented in Japan, but it was a very neat, little piece. When Kama-san [Mr. Kamatari] wanted to know why I recommended him, I said mockingly "because there was no dialogue text for you!". Then we burst into laughter."

59. In the Heat of the Night (Norman Jewison, 1969)

"The original novel is also brilliant, but the movie has filmized it very skillfully, hasn't it? I love Sidney Poitier. I love his intelligent eyes. In the region where the racism is still deeply rooted, the case is being snappily cleared. The audience feel indeed satisfied."

60. The Charge of the Light Brigade (Tony Richardson, 1968)

"This movie did not especially come up. But I thought it was a very nice picture. In it even the finest details were well portrayed - e.g., in the battlefield, where people after people were dying, one heard a fly's buzz."

61. Midnight cowboy (John Schlesinger, 1969)

"He's from UK, but he nevertheless very well portrayed an atmosphere of disease in New York City, didn't he? The actors, of course, performed brilliantly, and it made me think about what it would bring to live in such a run-down metropolis. Very depressing, isn't it?"

62. M*A*S*H (Robert Altman, 1970)

"Interesting. It looks 'messy', but, I saw, the screenplay is very solid. A black-comedy nicely made. Later I've heard that the author of the original was a surgeon. No wonder that the matters were concretly, objectively and therefore interestingly portrayed. This is also a kind of anti-war-movie, isn't it?"

63. Johnny Got his Gun (Dalton Trumbo, 1971)

"There are many anti-war-movies. But it is very difficult to shoot battle scenes, for if one simply shot, as many people actually do, scenes in that soldiers are firing, they would look brave and thus the war could be glorified. In this sense, this picture is a true ant-war movie."

64. The French Connection (William Friedkin, 1971)

"I remember that it was, so to speak, a pioneer of 'car-chase-movies', and that cars were chasing cars at breakneck speed in it. Action scenes were terrific. Enjoyable it was! In any case, most of American movies at that time consisted in pretty good part of car scenes, in great detail portrayed - how one opens the door, get in and drive out of the parking lot and so on... If one cut away those car scenes the movies would shrink to about two thirds, I always say."

65. El espiritu de la colmena (Victor Erice, 1972)

"At first glance it's a sweet piece, but really it is a wonderous, very horrific story - the cruelity children have was skillfully portrayed. And the children were well performing. The lighting and camera work had a very fine touch. A nice movie."

66. Solyaris (Andrei tarkovsky, 1972)

"We were very good friends. He was like a little brother for me. We once, drunk in Dom Kino, sang together "Shichinin no samurai"'s theme music. His expression of 'water', the way in that water is depicted, is really peculiar to him. This picture indeed makes me feel myself yearning to return to the earth."

67. The Day of the Jackal (Fred Zinneman, 1973)

"The method with that the movie follows in very composed eyes how the hero is carrying out every preparation for an assassination one by one is, so to speak, without fat, I mean, brief and clear. A very thrilling touch."

68. Gruppo de famiglia in un interno (Luchino Visconti, 1974)

"Visconti is a true blue blood. Whether because he was raised in such an environment or simply because of his blue-blood birth, he had a touch that none but he can have. I met him several times, but he was a hardly approachable person. If someone, e.g., during the shooting came in, he, I've heard, shouts at him in an aristocratic posture "leave from here!". He is a very severe person, I've heard."

69. The Godfather Part II (Francis Ford Coppola, 1974)

"Among the Godfather trilogy I like "Part II" the best. The cold-hearted atmosphere, the terrible atmosphere in the family was very well depicted. It, accompanied with THAT music, really horrified my heart."

70. Sandakan hachiban shokan bokyo (Kei Kumai, 1974)

"We dined together, I remember, immediately before or after this movie. He was a very quiet, earnest person and liked to make movies that treated social issues. I therfore was surprised to see in this film that he was really competent also in portraying women. Kinuyo Tanaka was excellent. His "Umi to dokuyaku" is also brilliantly made. I am 'afraid of' such a story, but he, he could depict it! He must have a very strong personality, doesn't he?".

71. One Flew Over the Cukoo's Nest (Milos Forman, 1975)

"Ah, so many actors perform 'too' brilliantly! How painful experiences everyone has in his life - so painful that they have got mentaly that diseased... The actors portrayed it so skillfuly, I simply admired it. That nurse is also teeeerrific!"

72. O Thiassos (Theodoros Angelopoulos, 1975)

"He's a wonderful person. What he says makes one feel as if one's deepst soul is looked into by him. A true mature adult one could call him. Especially this picture was nothing less than 'mature eyes', wasn't it?"

73. Barry Lyndon (Stanley Kubrick, 1975)

"He made many masterpieces. I've heard that this picture was shot in the light of candles with highly sensitive films and special lenses. And he had got wonderful, very beautiful pictures. His experiments absolutely succeeded."

74. Daichi no komoriuta (Yasuzo Masumura, 1976)

"This movie is pretty well made. Above all, Mieko Harada was brilliant. I was convinced that the actress was going to better her skill further. It was why I used her in "Ran", and, look, her Lady Kaede earned a big reputation abroad. She brilliantly did it, I think."

75. Annie Hall (Woody Allen, 1977)

"Watching Woody Allen's pictures one clearly see that he's terrifically intellectual. Eh, I was afraid that he did not like my movies, for my movies are simple and are not such ones. But then Richard Gere told me Allen was my fan. I was very pleased!"

76. Neokonchennaya pyesa dlya mekhanicheskogo pianino (Nikita Mikhalkov ,1977)

"Nikita is a very eloquent, lively man like a white bear, but shoots really, truly delicate pictures. Watch, e.g., his "Oci ciornie" and then the director himself! One could not believe THAT man really made THAT movie. In any case, he's full of power and talent."

77. Padre Padrone (Paolo & Vittorio Taviani, 1977)

"Those two brother-directors' movie is not only a wonderful picture in itself, but also based on a very difficult original. That intellectuality is, of course, wonderful, but moreover - uh, I cannot find the word for it - one feels oneself shaken from the deepst bottom of the earth. Terrific, isn't it? Indeed, a movie earns wideness and depth in various sense if brothers cooperated in directing, right? I envy them."

78. Gloria (John Cassavetes, 1980)

"When I saw "Shadows", because it was a very nice picture, I wanted to praise it. Bur he was so shy that he was somehow embarrased and fled. His movies were not presented in Japan for long time, and I all the time concerned about him. But now, look, I was right, he showed himself to be very talented! This picture is one of my favourite Cassavetes'. Gena Rawlands' performance is also great. I was really sad to lose such a big talent. He was still so young!"

79. Haruka naru yama no yobigoe (Yoji Yamada, 1980)

"I said to Mr. Yamada himself that one cannot praise enough that he succeeded in continuing to make the Torajiro-series throughout. It would be possible only if every characters in it was perfectly established and described. Well, this picture is, so to speak, "Shane"* á la Japanese, isn't it?. Very well made."

(Note: The theme music of "Shane" (composed by Victor Young), which is very popular in Japan, is named "Haruka naru yama no yobigoe" [Call of mountains from far away] in Japan. I cannot imagine that the movie's title has nothing to do with the theme music. Therefore Kurosawa, I think, mentioned "Shane" here.)

80. La Traviata (Franco Zeffirelli, 1982)

"It filmized an opera. Do you know how difficult it is? I was also asked once by Seiji Ozawa if I could direct an opera. 'But I am a movie director, I cannot do it', I declined. Zeffirelli, on the other hand, has been working on the stage. No wonder that art, lighting, and costuming are all brilliant. Very beautiful picture."

81. Fanny och Alexander (Ingmar Bergman, 1982)

"It's a long movie, follows a night throughout. Of course the camera and art succeeded in presenting an excellent colour. But, above all, the small episodes, which let me imagine in what environment he had been raised, are interesting. I love his "Smultronstället" and/or "Jungfrukällan" as well."

82. Fitzcarraldo (Werner Herzog, 1982)

"I am sorry that not many people have seen this movie yet. In it they go on a steamboat in the Amazon River upwards, pull the boat up on a hill and then lower it. What a hard work! The energy with that they really did it is well visible in the picture. By the way, it was before I saw the movie when I've met him. He, a very conscientious person, said that he wanted to give me a book but he unfortunately was going to depart that day. But he came to me the next day again! He said that he has canceled the air plane to find and hand me the book. "Here you are, I've found it!", he said. 'Such an earnest person well could make such a movie', I thought when I later saw his movie."

83. The King of Comedy (Martin Scorsese, 1983)

"Scorsese is, of course, a very good director and actor, but he is above all a wonderful person. He's energetically wrestling with various matters, e.g., how films, especially colour films could be kept undameged, he also looks after retired movie makers. He is, so to speak, a bundle of energy. The Japanese movie industry also would need such a person, I think."

84. Merry Christmas, Mr. Lawrence (Nagisa Oshima, 1983)

"With Mr. Oshima I discussed many issues, e.g., the issue of film directors' associations. Many people say that he is impatient or so, but he really is a very consistant, earnest person. 'I rely on you to develop Japanese movies', I said him several times when we dined together. This picture must have been a very hard work, for he's a person who cannot save work at all. The cast is also pretty interesting. A really skilled film maker he is!"

85. The Killing Fields (Roland Joffe, 1984)

"It's a story about the civil war in Cambodia. They brainwash even that little children. Can human being get so insane that they themselves don't see at all what they are doing? Isn't it horrific!? And wars justify such an insanity. Horrific. Well, the Cambodian guide was very natural, nicely performed, and brilliant."

86. Stranger than Paradise (Jim Jarmusch, 1984)

"I did not meet him yet, but I was very very pleased to see such an interesting talent. I watched his movies all on rental videos. This movie is made according to the principle 'one-scene-one-shot'. The spaces between the sequences are brilliant: They are connected with darks, and there, BETWEEN the sequences, one really feels oneself seeing a movie! I'm looking forward to seeing his future. And this movie, in which some old films are also used, tells us that it is a talent to be able to shoot a good movie even on a not very high budget."

87. Dongdong de jiaqi (Hou Hsiao-Hsien, 1984)

"He made also big pictures, e.g., "Beiqing chengshi" ("A city of sadness"). In the movie there are some points that one could not easily understand without thorough historical knowledge, but he has very sincere eyes. A wonderful movie maker. He reminds me of the times when Japanese movie industry was still seriously shooting pictures. I really love this movie. A very pleasant piece. I'm looking forwards to see his future."

88. Paris, Texas (Wim Wenders, 1984)

"When "Hachi-gatsu no kyoshikyoku" was premiered in Japan, I had a talk with him. There he forgot that it was an interview for a magazine, and asked me about practical, technical matters only, e.g., "Mr. Kurosawa, you let it rain really beautifully. How do you shoot it?" or so... To be honest, for me also such topics are more welcome, and we discussed it further. But the editors were pretty embarrassed."

89. Witness (Peter Weir, 1985)

"His "Picnic at Hanging Rock" also presents a wonderful colour and very interested me. This movie's story is described in a particular world, but the story, presenting the particular life so well that we outsiders can comprehend it, goes very tidily. Yes, it's a very tidy movie, so to speak, built on a solide foundation."

90. The Trip to Bountiful (Peter Masterson, 1985)

"Even a movie whose motif is a pretty small matter can be such a tidy picture. This movie is a very good example of that one can make a quality film without spending big money. I hope for many young people to see it."

91. Otac na sluzbennom putu (Emir Kustarica, 1985)

"I was astonished when I saw his work for the first time. He's from Yugoslavia, is still very young. He nevertheless shoots wonderful pictures all with composure. Very skilled. His pictures came up also in Cannes. "We must not be lazy, for so many great talents apear one after another from various countries.", we talked."

92. The Dead (John Huston, 1987)

"A black coach and black horses emerge. That is the shadow of death. He shot this movie being supplied with oxygen, in such a condition he made it. No wonder that the picture is somehow demonic and horrific. When he, who was cross with the tops of the film production, was going to die, he shouted "Do you have a gun?! OK, let's kill them!", and then he died, I heard."

93. Khane-ye doust kodjast (Abbas Kiarostami, 1987)

"I met him, and, as every good director is, he was a really nice person. I wondered how he could shoot such a movie, for all characters were so ordinary, natural, and convincing. I asked him. He said, he makes the people, because they are all laymen, REALLY think that they should finish the wash and/or do homework, and then he let them perform it."

94. Out of Rosenheim (Percy Adlon, 1987)

"My Children recommended that I should see this movie, for it, they said, really interesting. Indeed, I really enjoyed it!! The use of colour is brilliant, from it one can learn something. The actors are also very natural. And it somehow reminded me of "Donzoko"... In any case, I say, that is 'a movie'! It was so interesting that I saw it two times successively."

95. The Whales of August (Lindsay Anderson, 1987)

"When I won a prize in U.K., I met him as a critic. He also shoots nonfictions - he has insightful, reliable eyes, right? I did not expect that he would begin shooting films, but I was not surprised when I saw that his "If..." was a good movie. And "The Whales of August" definitely convinced me of his talent."

96. Running on Empty (Sidney Lumet, 1988)

"That scene! The scene that portrayed how the car's door suddenly opened and he*, who was going to leave the town, left the dog there is wonderful. Lumet is one of my best friends, a friendly 'uncle' who is always smiling. But his pictures on NY's detectives, in a hard-boiled touch, are horrifically serious. By the way, the NY's block is very wide, isn't it? So he runs round on rollersketes. His assistant director could not follow him, ran into a toy shop to buy rollerskates, and thus could catch up with him. The second assistant, however, could not buy anything because rollerskates were sold out. The poor man must run after him on his own legs. He cheerfully told it himself to me."

(Note: In Japanese Text it is not given who was going to leave. But I think that it is 'the family's eldest son' as it is given in Imdb, so I added the pronoun 'he' to the sentence. (In Japanese sentences the grammatical subject is very often omitted....)

97. Tonari no Totoro (Hayao Miyazaki, 1988)

"It's an animation, but I was deeply moved. I really liked that 'cat bus', for no one else would think up such a thing! His "Majo no takkyuubin" actually made me weep. Indeed, many talents nowadays whom I would have loved to kept for movies have gone to the animation industry... We, the movie industry, must not be lazy - we must make pictures that stimulate young talents' interest in movies."

98. A-un (Yasuo Furuhata, 1989)

"We know Shinobu Hashimoto (art) really for a long time, don't we? She and Yoshiro Muraki (art) have fallen in love and used to sit closely side by side in an open set. I know them ever since... Her art is really good, isn't it? That old good time when we were all so is unforgettable. Kuniko Mukoda wrote really solide scenarios... I am so sorry about her... By the way, the Mrs. in "A-un" is a little similar to my Kiyoko, isn't she?"

99. La Belle Noiseuse (Jacques Rivette, 1991)

"I actually would have liked to make the movie. Its original is Balzac's novel. A first-rate artist can see what we cannot see. I, e.g., paint quickly and carelessly, but an artist doesn't do it. He can hardly satisfy himself because he sees far more various things. That difficult theme was very nicely filmized."

100. Hana-Bi (Takeshi Kitano, 1997)
"I am convinced of his talent since I saw "Sono otoko, kyobo ni tsuki". The first works of a talented person often seem to be a little incoherent because the author tries many experiments in them, because he is sparkling with talent. In this movie there are some pretty daring portrayals, audaciously intruding in the matters. I really enjoyed it. Every character's existence is competently depicted. Wonderful."
Lista retirada do capítulo III do livro A Dream is a Genius

quinta-feira, 26 de janeiro de 2012

domingo, 22 de janeiro de 2012

Qualquer devoção é linda. Não importa que o santo não a mereça. E mesmo que seja um santo falso. (Quero crer que tam­bém existam os santos canalhas.) Mas repito: — não importa. O belo, o patético, o sublime são as duas mãos postas e a fé ingê­nua e forte que se irradia de não sei que abismos radiantes. Tam­bém a solidariedade, a grande solidariedade, é comovente.

E com Samuel e a Última Hora fui solidário total. Era co­mo se estivesse disposto a morrer com um e outro e por eles. Hoje, ninguém entende abnegação tamanha. O tempo passou e o tempo deu ao que parecia sublime um perverso e fatal to­que humorístico.

O que me pôs a favor de Samuel foi a unanimidade contra. A verdade é que vinha, de longe, a minha admiração por Carlos Lacerda. Eu achava que o Brasil precisava, inclusive, dos seus defeitos. Ouvia dizer: — “É um louco!”. Mas não via o menor inconveniente nas suas danações. Entre a mediocridade e a insânia (com uma orla de gênio), eu preferia a insânia. Sim, antes um possesso na presidência do que os idiotas, passados, pre­sentes e futuros.

Assim pensava eu. E, de repente, vem o insano genial e co­meça a berrar: — “O tarado Nelson Rodrigues!”. Por outro lado, quando se referia à equipe da Última Hora, ele clamava: — “Ca­nalhas ! Canalhas!”. Não concedia nem uma compassiva exceção ao pessoal da faxina. Seria ótimo se, por um forte movimento inte­rior, eu passasse a achar o gênio da véspera a besta do dia seguinte.

Lembro-me de que, de vez em quando, ligava o rádio para ouvi-lo. Dentro de mim, estava aberta a ferida e repito: — a fe­rida pingava sangue. Mas o homem começava a falar e eu reco­nhecia, de mim para mim, numa amargura medonha: — “Como fala bem esse desgraçado! Que orador formidável! Rui não chegava nem aos pés! Nem Joaquim Nabuco!”. Se o meu nome surgia, eu desligava. Quantas vezes disse, lá em casa: — “Um cachorro! Só dando um tiro na boca!”. Bem que eu queria sapatear em cima da admiração como se esta fosse uma víbora.

Na manhã em que Getúlio se matou, vim para a Última Ho­ra cedinho. Passara a noite em claro, ouvindo as notícias; e pas­mara para a covardia de quase todo o ministério. Apanho o ôni­bus, na esquina de Maxwell, e viajo em pé, pendurado numa argola. Todo o ônibus ali ria do baixinho.

Parecia consumada a renúncia. Ou por outra: — não a re­núncia, mas a deposição mais deslavada. O pobre velho volta­va para São Borja. O máximo que sua humilhação inspirava era a piedade cínica da piada. O Brasil amadurecera para a voraci­dade de Carlos Lacerda. Sim, Carlos ia ser primeiro-ministro, presidente, rei; e se quisesse sairia de casa para o Catete monta­do num elefante como um rajá.

E, então, Getúlio meteu uma bala no peito. Eu o imagino apanhando o revólver. Fico tecendo minhas fantasias e imaginan­do que Vargas terá pensado na guerra civil. Ele apertou o gati­lho e, antes que morresse o som do tiro, já Carlos Lacerda caía, lá de cima, do alto de sua ambição cesariana. Sim, Lacerda estava à beira da onipotência e subitamente a perdia.

Eu estava na Última Hora quando Heron Domingues irra­diou a notícia. Sua voz era terrível. Aí é que está: — a voz de Heron Domingues transforma o fato, mesmo banal, em histó­ria. Olhei em torno. Lembro-me de que Marita Lima, redatora da Última Hora, pulou na cadeira. Perto de mim, Samuel Wainer batia à máquina e continuou batendo à máquina. Tinha qual­quer coisa de irreal aquela insensibilidade no momento em que o Brasil se preparava para matar ou para morrer.

Só depois me disseram que Samuel já sabia. Com furioso élan, estava datilografando a manchete, os títulos, os subtítulos da edição do suicídio. Para ele, para a Última Hora, era a salva­ção. Pouco depois entrava, ali, o meu caro e fraterno Albert Laurence. Disse-me, com um olhar de louco: — “Eu vou matar Car­los Lacerda!”. Todas as emissoras estavam alucinadas. Sentei-me, num canto; e pensava: — “Vai começar a guerra civil!”.

E Carlos Lacerda, que era deposto antes do poder? Eu con­tinuava sonhando com uma guerra de secessão, com os brasi­leiros bebendo o sangue uns dos outros. Mas não pode haver secessão quando existe uma unanimidade. A mesma unanimidade que pedira a cabeça de Samuel Wainer agora queria beber o sangue de Carlos Lacerda. Eu a sentia por toda parte. Carlos Lacerda era o assassino de um suicida. E a unanimidade a exibir a sua face escavada e hedionda.

Todos os jornais despejaram extras na rua. O cadáver de Getúlio ainda estava quente quando a Última Hora lançou a sua edição especial. Pode-se dizer que Vargas acabou de agonizar em nossa primeira página. O gesto suicida me aproximou de Getúlio. Eu me sentia profundamente seu irmão. Por outro la­do, queria me parecer que, no episódio, não havia apenas um morto; politicamente, Carlos Lacerda era outro cadáver.

De tarde, apanhei um ônibus. O chofer parou num jorna­leiro e pediu, forte: — “Me dá aí a Última Hora, o jornal do ho­mem!”. No meu canto, eu fazia uma série de reflexões torpes: — o jornal ia ter dinheiro; não mais pagaria seu pessoal com liquidificadores etc. etc. No mesmo ônibus, um passageiro dizia a outro que Carlos Lacerda devia se enforcar no próprio cinto.

Pouco depois, via eu e via todo o Brasil que Carlos Lacer­da era um falso defunto político. Voltaria potencializado, da ca­beça aos sapatos. Hoje, diz coisas e faz coisas absurdas. Mas an­tes o absurdo do que a imbecilidade. Outro dia, aconteceu uma que me parece lapidar. Carlos Lacerda estava num salão, senta­do no meio de cavalheiros e damas da maior cerimônia. Os pre­sentes sorviam, com inexcedível delícia, cada uma de suas pa­lavras. Ele estava num desses momentos em que o sujeito não diz um bom-dia sem lhe pingar gênio. E, súbito, baixa nele um tédio macio, insidioso, mas irresistível. Carlos Lacerda ainda con­cede três ou quatro frases mais. Boceja. Ajeita-se na poltrona, estica as pernas, põe a cabeça para trás, entrelaça as duas mãos no ventre. Todo mundo acompanha, magnetizado, cada um dos movimentos. O sono veio instantaneamente.

Sim, o sono veio, brotou, sem nenhuma preparação. E, diante das visitas, lá estava a boca aberta, e tão aberta que se via o ouro da obturação mais recôndita. Os presentes se entreolham e não sei se contrafeitos ou maravilhados. Em seguida, veio o ronco. Há ain­da alguns momentos de espera. Passada a surpresa, as visitas começavam a ver o fato na sua dimensão precisa. Eram vários casais. Cada qual se levantou e foi saindo, na ponta dos pés. Aquele ron­co deslavado parecia caracterizar o grande homem e ao mesmo tempo, profetizar o nosso De Gaulle sem esporas e sem penacho.

Nelson Rodrigues, A Menina sem Estrela

sexta-feira, 20 de janeiro de 2012

Carta que F. S. Fitzgerald, em 1933, escreveu para a sua filha Scottie, até então com 11 anos.

Things to worry about:

 Worry about courage
Worry about cleanliness
Worry about efficiency
Worry about horsemanship

Things not to worry about:

Don’t worry about popular opinion
Don’t worry about dolls
Don’t worry about the past
Don’t worry about the future
Don’t worry about growing up
Don’t worry about anybody getting ahead of you
Don’t worry about triumph
Don’t worry about failure unless it comes through your own fault
Don’t worry about mosquitoes
Don’t worry about flies
Don’t worry about insects in general
Don’t worry about parents
Don’t worry about boys
Don’t worry about disappointments
Don’t worry about pleasures
Don’t worry about satisfactions

Things to think about:

What am I really aiming at?
How good am I really in comparison to my contemporaries in regard to:
(a) Scholarship
(b) Do I really understand about people and am I able to get along with them?
(c) Am I trying to make my body a useful instrument or am I neglecting it?

With dearest love,

domingo, 15 de janeiro de 2012

quinta-feira, 12 de janeiro de 2012

terça-feira, 10 de janeiro de 2012

¿Quién conoce a Degas? Decir que nadie, sería una exageración; sólo unos pocos. Quiero decir, conocerlo bien. Es un desconocido, incluso de nombre, para los millones de lectores de los diarios. Sólo los pintores admiran a Degas, muchos porque le temen, el resto porque les inspira respeto. ¿Lo comprenden realmente?

Degas nació... no sé cuando, pero fue hace tanto tiempo que él es tan viejo como Matusalén. Digo Matusalén porque supongo que Matusalén a los cien años debe de haber sido como un hombre de treinta años en la actualidad. En realidad Degas es siempre joven.

Respeta a Ingres, lo que significa que se respeta a sí mismo. Su apariencia, con su sombrero de copa en la cabeza, sus anteojos azules sobre la nariz -no olvidéis el paraguas- esla de un escribano, un burgués del tiempo de Luis Felipe.

Si hay un hombre al que importa poco parecer un artista, es ciertamente él. Detesta todas las libreas, aun ésta. Estan bueno como el oro; sin embargo, refinado como es, la gente lo cree áspero.

Un joven crítico, que tiene la manía de emitir juicios, dijo cierta vez, como un augurio pronunciando una sentencia: "Debas es un oso viejo bonachón". ¡Dégas un oso! El, que en la calle se comporta como un embajador en palacio. ¡Bonachón! Eso es una cosa trivial: es algo más que eso.

Dégas tuvo como sirvienta una vieja holandesa, una reliquia de familia que, a pesar de ello, o quizás debido a ello, era insoportable. Servía la mesa y el señor nunca hablaba. Un día, cuando las campanas de Nuestra Señora de Loreto doblaban ensordecedoramente, ella gritó: "¡Nunca doblarán así por ese Gambetta suyo!”.

¡Ah! Sé qué quieren decir con "oso"; Dogas rechaza a los que lo entrevistan. Los pintores buscan su aprobación, piden su opinión y él, el oso, el rudo, a fin de evitar decir lo que piensa, os dice muy amablemente: "Discúlpeme, pero no puedo ver claramente, mis ojos...”.

Por otra parte, no espera a que seáis conocidos. Tiene un poder de adivinación con los jóvenes y él, que todo lo sabe, nunca habla de una falta de conocimiento. Se dice a sí mismo: "Aprenderá más tarde", y a vosotros os dice, como un buen papá, como lo hizo conmigo en mis comienzos: "Tiene usted su pie en el estribo".

Nadie que tenga poder lo molesta.

Recuerdo también a Manet, otro a quien nadie molestaba. Cierta vez, viendo un cuadro mío (al comienzo) me dijo que era muy bueno. Le contesté, por respeto al maestro: "¡Oh, soy sólo un aficionado!" En aquella época me dedicaba a los negocios como corredor de Bolsa, y estudiaba arte sólo de noche y en los días libres.

"Oh, no", dijo Manet, "no son aficionados sino los que hacen cuadros malos". Eso fue dulce para mí.

¿Por qué hoy, cuando miro hacia atrás, en el pasado, hasta este mismo momento, estoy obligado a ver (es bastante obvio) que de todos aquellos a quienes he aconsejado y ayudado, hay escasamente alguno que me conozca todavía?

No quiero comprenderlo.

Sin embargo, no puedo decir, con falsa modestia:

Qu'as ni fait, O toi que voila,
Pleurant sans cesse
Dis, qu'as tu fait, roi que voila
De ta jeunesse? (Verlaine).
Pues he trabajado y he pasado bien mi vida, inteligentemente, incluso valientemente, sin llorar, sin destrozar las cosas, y tengo muy buenos dientes.
Degas siente desprecio por las teorías de arte, no se interesa por la técnica.
En mi última exhibición en lo de Durand-Ruel (Trabajos en Tahití, 1891-92) dos jóvenes bien intencionados no podían entender mi pintura. Como eran amigos respetuosos de Degas, y deseaban ser ilustrados, le pidieron su opinión al respecto.
Con esa sonrisa suya, paternal a pesar de ser tan joven, les recitó la fábula del perro y el lobo: " ¿Comprendéis? Gauguin es el lobo".

Eso en cuanto al hombre. ¿Qué es el pintor?

Uno de los primeros cuadros conocidos de Degas representa un depósito de algodón. ¿Para qué describirlo? Sería mejor para vosotros ir a verlo, mirarlo cuidadosamente, y sobre todo no venir a decirnos: "Nadie podría pintar mejor el algodón". Él algodón no es el punto, ni siquiera los hombres que lo están manipulando. Tan bien sabe esto él mismo que pasó... a otros trabajos. Pero ya sus defectos (desde un punto de vista académico) se habían hecho sellar, dejando su marca, y se podía ver que, a pesar de ser joven, era un maestro. ¡Un oso ya! No se ve con facilidad la ternura de los corazones inteligentes.

Educado en un ambiente elegante, se atrevía sin embargo a extasiarse frente a los talleres de las modistas en la Rue de la Paix, los encantadores encajes, esos famosos toques mediante los cuales nuestras mujeres parisienses os inducen a comprar un sombrero extravagante. Y luego verlos de nuevo en el hipódromo, elegantemente encaramados en los moños, y, debajo, o más bien a través de todo ello ¡la punta de la más insolente de las narices!

¡Ir luego, por la noche, como un descanso tras un día de trabajo, a la ópera! Allí, se decía Dégas, todo es falso, la luz, el escenario, las pelucas de las bailarinas, sus corsés, sus sonrisas. Nada es real, salvo los efectos que crean, el esqueleto, la estructura humana, el movimiento; arabescos de todas clases. ¡Qué fuerza, qué flexibilidad y qué gracia! En cierto momento, interviene el varón, con una serie de "entrechats", para sostener a la bailarina que se desvanece. Sí, se desvanece; pero se desvanece sólo en ese momento. Si aspiráis a dormir con una bailarina, no os permitáis esperar, ni por un solo momento, que se desvanezca en vuestros brazos. Eso nunca ocurre; la bailarina sólo se desvanece sobre el escenario.

Las bailarinas de Degas no son mujeres, son máquinas moviéndose en líneas graciosas y con maravilloso equilibrio, adornadas con todos los bellos artificios de la Rue de la Paix. Las gasas sutiles flotan hacia arriba y nunca se os ocurre que estáis viendo el lado inferior de ellas; nada hay que empañe su blancura.

Los brazos son demasiado largos, según el caballero que, con el metro en la mano, es tan sagaz para calcular proporciones. También yo lo sé, en tanto se refiere al natural. Una decoración no es un paisaje; es decoración. De Nittis hizo algo diferente, y mucho mejor.

En las escenas de Degas los caballos de carrera y los jockeys son a menudo lamentables jamelgos cabalgados por monos. No hay modelo en ninguna de estas cosas, sólo la vida de las líneas, líneas, líneas de nuevo. Su estilo es él mismo.

¿Por qué firma sus trabajos? Nadie tiene menos necesidad de hacerlo que él.

En estos últimos días ha hecho una cantidad de desnudos. Los críticos, por regla general, ven a la mujer. Degas veía a la mujer, también... pero no está más interesado en las mujeres de lo que lo estaba en las bailarinas: cuando mucho en ciertas fases de la vida aprendidas mediante indiscreciones.

¿Qué le interesa a él? El dibujo estaba en su punto más bajo; tenía que ser restaurado; y mirando a esos desnudos, exclamó: "¡Está de pie, ahora!”.

Hombre y pintor, él es un ejemplo. Degas es uno de esos raros maestros que teniendo sólo que inclinarse para tomarlos ha desdeñado la fortuna, las palmas, los honores, sin amargura, sin celos. Pasa tan simplemente a través de la multitud. Su vieja sirvienta holandesa ha muerto, de lo contrario diría: "Las campanas nunca doblarán así por usted".

Uno de los muchos pintores que exhiben con los Independientes a fin de ser llamado independiente dijo a Degas: "¿Tendremos algún día el placer de verlo a usted entre nosotros en los Independientes?”.

Degas sonrió con su habitual amabilidad... ¡Y decís que es un oso!

Paul Gauguin, Diário Íntimo

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